Chemical peels are performed by the application of an acid to the skin to remove “old ” skin to give a glow and also to stimulate the production of new collagen to plump up the skin and help with the reduction of fine lines. Chemical peels are divided into superficial, medium depth and deep. In our office, we only offer superficial and medium depth peels.
- Superficial: e.g. Glycolic Acid
- Medium Depth: e.g. TCA and TCA combination peels.
These are designed to remove the outermost layer of the epidermis which reveals brighter and fresher skin with a glow. These peels are repeated every four weeks for a total of six to eight treatments. Collagen production may be stimulated with this course of treatment. However, wrinkles do not usually improve with this procedure. In our office, glycolic acid, an Alpha Hydroxy Acid(AHA) is used in concentrations ranging from 35-75%.
AHA peels may cause stinging, skin redness, mild skin irritation and dryness but are usually safe for all skin types. There is usually no down time associated with a glycolic acid peel.
MEDIUM DEPTH PEELS:
These remove the epidermis(superficial layer of the skin) as well as the superficial dermis(deeper layer). These peels involve the use of Trichloroacetic Acid(TCA) ranging in concentration from 25 – 35% along with a pre-treatment of another acid, either Jessner’s solution or glycolic acid. They are designed to stimulate collagen production and improve fine to moderate lines and wrinkles. Some scars can also be improved. This peel is only used on the face and can only be used in persons with skin type 1-3. Pre-treatment with a glycolic or retinoid product is often required to enhance the peel.
Since Medium Depth Peels are more severe, they may be associated with discomfort during the procedure and have a significant downtime associated. During the period immediately post peel the treated area will be very red and swollen, which can last for a week to ten days. There is also a risk of activation of Herpes Virus(Cold Sores) in susceptible persons which may require pre-treatment with anti- viral medication. Possible post peels risks include, but are not limited to, prolonged erythema, pigment changes, milia(white heads), skin atrophy and textural changes.
This peel is performed only by Dr. Weatherhead who has been doing these peels for over 25 years.
Chemical peels are not a benefit of OHIP . The cost will depend on the type of peel that is determined to be best and the number of sessions